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New California Legislation Impacts Debt Management Plan and Debt Settlement Providers

On September 30, 2010, Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger signed into law California AB 2789, the California Money Transmission Act (the “CA MTA”).1 The CA MTA expands the state’s current regulation and licensure requirements for money transmitters by the Commissioner of the Department of Financial Institutions (the “Commissioner”) by covering domestic money transmitters, including stored value card issuers and, potentially, credit counseling agencies and others engaged in providing debt management plans.

Background

California’s regulation of money transmission had previously been of persons who help consumers transmit money overseas through the Transmission of Money Abroad Law (Cal. Fin. Code §§ 1800 et seq.), the issuance of travelers checks through the Travelers Checks Act (Cal. Fin. Code §§ 1851 et seq.), and the issuance of payment instruments through the Payment Instruments Law (Cal. Fin. Code §§ 33000 et seq.). State regulation of money transmission varies by state, but with a few exceptions, most states regulate domestic money transmission involving their residents. With the enactment of AB 2789, California adds similar requirements to its own law and consolidates the regulatory and licensing requirements found in the existing statutes.

Coverage and Requirements

The CA MTA defines “money transmission” to mean the selling or issuing of payment instruments or stored value instruments and the receiving of money for transmission. The CA MTA prohibits a person from engaging in the business of money transmission in California or advertising, soliciting or holding itself out as providing money transmission unless licensed by the Commissioner or exempt from licensure.

Additional highlights:

  • Prohibits a person from engaging in the business of money transmission in California or advertising, soliciting or holding itself out as providing money transmission unless licensed by Commissioner.
  • Requires specified information to be included in an application for a license which shall be in the form proscribed by the Commissioner.
  • Authorizes the Commissioner to conduct an examination of an applicant, at the applicant’s expense, and would require the Commissioner to approve an application for a license if the Commissioner makes specified findings, including that the applicant has adequate net worth and is competent to engage in the business of receiving money for transmission. In order to meet the net worth requirements, a licensee that sells or issues payment instruments or stored value instruments must maintain securities on deposit on a surety bond of no less than $500,000 or 50% of the average daily balance of outstanding payment instruments and stored value instruments in CA. A licensee engaged in money transmission must maintain securities or a surety bond not less than $250,000 and no more than $2 million.
  • Requires licensees to file audit reports with the Commissioner within 90 days after the end of each fiscal year.
  • Requires licensees to maintain records and provide specified notices and disclosures to customers, including a notice regarding a customer’s right to a refund, disclosures relating to rates of exchange, a notice indicating that payment instruments are not insured, and a notice providing information on making complaints to the Commissioner against a licensee.
  • Authorizes the Commissioner to suspend or revoke a license if the Commissioner finds that a licensee or agent of a licensee has, among other things, violated the provisions of the CA MTA or engaged in fraud or unsound practices, and would authorize the Commissioner to assess specified civil penalties against a person who violates the CA MTA.
  • Makes it a crime for a person to engage in the business of money transmission without a license or for a person to intentionally make a false statement, misrepresentation or false certification in a record filed or required to be maintained under these provisions.
  • The CA MTA takes effect on January 1, 2011.

Implications for Debt Management Plan Providers

Article 2 § 1806 of the CA MTA provides the Commissioner with the authority to exempt any person or transaction from its provisions if the Commissioner finds such action to be in the public interest and if the regulation of such persons or transactions is not necessary to fulfill the purposes of the CA MTA. In the event that a debt management plan or other activities of credit counseling agencies and other debt relief service providers trigger the statute, this provision may offer a mechanism by which such entities could be exempted from the scope of the regulations.

Notably, the CA MTA makes no changes to the California Check Sellers, Bill Payers and Proraters Law (the “CSBPPL,” Cal. Fin. Code § 12000, et seq.). Under the CSBPPL, a person providing debt management services is defined as a “prorater” and is required to be licensed with the California Department of Corporations. An exemption exists for nonprofit organizations that meet specified requirements under Cal. Fin. Code § 12104, which are, in many respects, more onerous than the CA MTA and are tailored to debt management plans.

I painfully learned this lesson from first hand experience. Rather than try to get California to recognize my waiver as a non-profit I should have gone for the registration. It would have saved me a cease & desist letter all those years ago. See this article.

* * * * *

This information has been contributed by Jonathan Pompan, an attorney in the Washington, DC office of Venable LLP. Venable represents nonprofit credit counseling agencies and others in regulated industries in a wide variety of areas including advertising and marketing law compliance, as well as in connection with Federal Trade Commission and state investigations and law enforcement actions. For more information, please contact Mr. Pompan at 202.344.4383 or [email protected]

New California Legislation Impacts Debt Management Plan and Debt Settlement Providers
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About Steve Rhode

Steve Rhode
Steve Rhode is the Get Out of Debt Guy and has been helping good people with bad debt problems since 1994. You can learn more about Steve, here.
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    A company should choose a remanufactured industrial transmission rebuilder that is dedicated to providing exceptional customer support. The quality of a remanufactured industrial transmission is often comparable to the quality of the customer support provided. If the customer support is lacking, the product may be lacking as well.

  • Used Transmission

    This is cool! And so interested! Are u have more posts like this? Plese tell me, thanks

  • Merovingian TV

    Ok I stand corrected the State of CA emailed me back today -only 3 days about NoteWorld being registered in CA. However it looks like they’re registered through the Department of Real Estate:

    01004325 DRE NoteWorld Servicing Center (DBA) Corporation DES: Ziebell, Elen Adel Licensed EL DORADO, CA N/A

    The regulatory agency is the California Department of Real Estate.

  • Merovingian TV

    I called the CA Dept. of Financial Institutions @ 800-622-0620 – intending to ask if Global or Note World are licensed, and no one answers. Left a VM, shot an email. Will see if anyone is breathing over there. California is broke, perhaps you know of a good BK attorney or Debt Settlement Company for the Golden State? ha

  • Steve Rhode

    My take on it is that as long as you can confirm those companies are either registered or exempted under CA MTA then that would be fine. They may claim exemptions by using their relationship with the underlying banks but after having learned my lesson the hard way with California it would be prudent for NoteWorld and GCS to have a definitive statement from CA on their status or they are gambling on a potential problem.

    I could have done a far better job with the title and clarifying the DS involvement. Not my best title for sure. What I was trying to do was lump the rouge DS companies in that were still accepting funds from consumers and not using an escrow account.

  • ComplianceSlave

    Enacts the Debt Settlement Services Act and, commencing January 1, 2012. This is the CA reg I figured was most apt to concern DS

  • ComplianceSlave

    Does that include companies using Noteworld or GCS? It seems like it might imply the a DS co using GCS may not fall into that category? Honestly, I cannot tell.

  • Steve Rhode

    It would impact any remaining debt settlement company or debt relief provider that collects and disburses consumer funds.

  • Jimbo1

    Steve, please break-down what the impact of this new CA law will be on debt settlement companies….also, why is CA so behind the curve in regulating the industry? Many of these companies are still getting rich off of other’s misery and misfortune; only now they are trying to figure out how to outsmart the ftc rules too.

  • Jimbo1

    Steve, please break-down what the impact of this new CA law will be on debt settlement companies….also, why is CA so behind the curve in regulating the industry? Many of these companies are still getting rich off of other’s misery and misfortune; only now they are trying to figure out how to outsmart the ftc rules too.

    • http://GetOutOfDebt.org Steve Rhode

      It would impact any remaining debt settlement company or debt relief provider that collects and disburses consumer funds.

      • http://www.ftc.gov ComplianceSlave

        Does that include companies using Noteworld or GCS? It seems like it might imply the a DS co using GCS may not fall into that category? Honestly, I cannot tell.

      • http://www.ftc.gov ComplianceSlave

        Enacts the Debt Settlement Services Act and, commencing January 1, 2012. This is the CA reg I figured was most apt to concern DS

      • http://GetOutOfDebt.org Steve Rhode

        My take on it is that as long as you can confirm those companies are either registered or exempted under CA MTA then that would be fine. They may claim exemptions by using their relationship with the underlying banks but after having learned my lesson the hard way with California it would be prudent for NoteWorld and GCS to have a definitive statement from CA on their status or they are gambling on a potential problem.

        I could have done a far better job with the title and clarifying the DS involvement. Not my best title for sure. What I was trying to do was lump the rouge DS companies in that were still accepting funds from consumers and not using an escrow account.

      • http://twitter.com/MerovingianTV Merovingian TV

        I called the CA Dept. of Financial Institutions @ 800-622-0620 – intending to ask if Global or Note World are licensed, and no one answers. Left a VM, shot an email. Will see if anyone is breathing over there. California is broke, perhaps you know of a good BK attorney or Debt Settlement Company for the Golden State? ha

      • http://twitter.com/MerovingianTV Merovingian TV

        Ok I stand corrected the State of CA emailed me back today -only 3 days about NoteWorld being registered in CA. However it looks like they’re registered through the Department of Real Estate:

        01004325 DRE NoteWorld Servicing Center (DBA) Corporation DES: Ziebell, Elen Adel Licensed EL DORADO, CA N/A

        The regulatory agency is the California Department of Real Estate.

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