Unless you’ve been living under a rock (which is probably a great place to be right now), you know that the current pandemic is causing unprecedented economic, and human, losses.
The U.S. government has been hard at work to try to protect the most vulnerable workers – those in the service industry, travel, or lower and middle class. As of today, the U.S. Senate and House have just passed the largest economic stimulus package in history, and it is awaiting the President’s signature.
While the total stimulus package totals over $2 trillion, I want to focus on what is most likely to affect you – by putting extra cash in your pockets in a time of need.
How Much Will My Stimulus Check Be?
For those that are eligible, you will receive $1,200 per adult and $500 per child in your household.
The stimulus check eligibility will be determined based on your 2018 tax return. While the tax filing deadline for 2019 has been extended to July, if you’ve already filed your 2019 taxes, the amount you receive will be based on that.
Your total cash payment may be reduced or eliminated entirely depending on your income (see below).
Am I Eligible to Receive a Stimulus Check?
Eligibility is determined based on your income and tax filing status.
Individual Filing Single
If you are filing single and make less than $75,000 per year, you can expect to receive the full amount of the stimulus check ($1,200). In addition you will receive $500 per child under 17.
If you make more than $75,000 but less than $99,000, the amount of your payment will be scaled down as your income increases. If your income is above $99,000, you will not be eligible for a cash payment.
For those subject to the income phase out, for every $100 you earn above $75,000, your cash payment will be reduced by $5.
Example: If you are an individual making $80,000 per year, you can calculate your payment with the following steps.
- Subtract $75,000 from your income of $80,000 ($80,000 – $75,000 = $5,000)
- Payment is reduced by 5% of this amount ($5,000 x 0.05 = $250)
- Total cash payment is $1,200 minus your phase-out reduction ($1,200 – $250 = $950)
Once income hits $99,000 you hit the max phase-out reduction of $1,200, thus you receive a $0 payment.
Married Filing Jointly
If you are filing jointly with your spouse and your combined income is less than $150,000, you can expect to receive the full amount of the stimulus check ($1,200 each, $2,400 total). In addition you will receive $500 per child under 17 in your household.
If your total family income is more than $150,000 but less than $198,000, the amount of your payment will be scaled down. If your income is above $198,000 as a married couple, you will not be eligible for a cash payment.
As with individual tax filers, for every $100 you earn above the income threshold, your stimulus check is reduced by $5 (5% of income).
Example: If you are a married couple earning $175,000, you can calculate your payment with the following steps.
- Subtract $150,000 from your income of $175,000 ($175,000 – $150,000 = $25,000)
- Payment is reduced by 5% of this amount ($25,000 x 0.05 = $1,250)
- Total cash payment is $2,400 minus your phase-out reduction ($2,400 – $1,250 = $1,150)
Once income hits $198,000 you hit the max phase-out reduction of $2,400, thus you receive a $0 payment.
Filing Head of Household
If you are single or unmarried with dependents, you are probably filing as head of household. In that case, you will receive the full amount of stimulus if your income is less than $112,500. In addition you will receive $500 per child under 17 in your household.
The cash payment phases out between $112,500 and $146,500 following the same rules as those filing individually and jointly ($5 decrease for every $100 in income above $112,500).
Here’s a chart that shows the cash payment received based on income for each tax filing situation: single, married, and head of household.
Will I Receive $500 Per Child?
Yes, if you are married or single and have dependent children under the age of 17, you qualify to receive $500 per child.
The definition of who qualifies is the same as the qualifications for the Child Tax Credit.
There is no limit to how many children will qualify. If you have one child, you will receive $500. If you have eight children, you will receive $4,000!
A couple of things to note:
- To clarify, if your child is 17, they do not qualify (must be under 17).
- If you are above the income limits (whether filing single, married, or head of household), you would not be eligible to receive the $500 per child either.
How Is My Income Determined?
The income used to calculate your stimulus check is your Adjusted Gross Income (AGI) from your 2018 income tax return (or 2019 if you have already filed).
Adjusted Gross Income is calculated when doing your taxes, and it may vary significantly from your paycheck.
You can see your exact AGI by looking at Line 8b on the Form 1040 of your tax return.
What If I Made Less Money in 2019 Than 2018?
If you are were above the income threshold on your 2018 return but you haven’t filed for 2019 yet and you made substantially less money, you might be worried you missed out on the stimulus check.
Well good news! The stimulus check is technically a credit on your 2020 tax return (the IRS loves technicalities).
So the final amount of your stimulus payment will be determined based on your 2020 income and reflected on your 2020 tax return in April 2021.
The checks being sent out now are basically an advance payment of this tax credit. So if you miss out on qualifying for the stimulus check based on your 2018 income, but you will qualify based on 2020 income, you will receive the money when you file your 2020 taxes.
Example: You made $100,000 in 2018, but your income was reduced to $60,000 in 2019. If you haven’t filed your 2019 taxes yet, you would not receive a stimulus check because your income in 2018 was too high. However, when you file your 2020 tax return, if your 2020 income was still under the threshold, you would receive a $1,200 tax credit at that time.
OK, So What If I Make More Money in 2020?
All this begs the question, what if you qualify for the stimulus check based on your 2018 income, but you end up being over the threshold based on your 2020 income?
The short answer is, it’s not 100% clear. But it appears from various sources I’ve read that you would not have to pay back the “tax credit advance” you are receiving now.
Will My Stimulus Check Be Counted as Taxable Income?
No, the stimulus check is not taxable income.
As stated above, it is technically an advance on a tax credit, and tax credits are not taxable (say that 3 times fast).
Do I Qualify If I am Retired and on Social Security?
Yes, even if you didn’t file a 2018 or 2019 return, if you are receiving social security, you will be eligible to receive the cash payment.
When Will I Receive My Stimulus Payment?
According to Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin, most people should receive their checks within three weeks.
If you are set up to get your tax refunds via electronic deposit, your stimulus payment will be direct deposited into your bank account. It may take longer if you get a regular paper check in the mail.
Will There Be More Payments After This One?
Maybe. Depending on how long the economy is shut down, the President and Congress have not ruled out additional stimulus. But nothing is currently in the works.
What Other Stimulus Benefits Are Available?
While the main topic of discussion was the stimulus checks, there are some other major benefits for certain people (especially if you lost your job).
Extra $600 Per Week in Unemployment Benefits
If you lost your job (whether temporarily or permanently), you can apply for unemployment through your state. Generally unemployment is capped at $300-500 per week depending on the state.
The federal stimulus bill that just passed will add an extra $600 per week on top of your normal unemployment benefit for the next 4 months.
That is a huge increase, and could allow you to get $1,000 per week or more while unemployed. The stimulus bill also expanded who can file for unemployment to include contractors, gig-economy workers, and others who would not normally be eligible.
To see details for your state, try googling “Your State” unemployment benefits to see if you are eligible due to the current crisis.
Coronavirus Student Loan Stimulus
If you have federal student loans, your interest rate will be set to zero and the payments will be suspended through September 30th, 2020.
Note that your total amount due will not ultimately change, but the payments can be delayed without accruing additional interest.
How Else Can I Prepare for the Shutdown and Recession?
Obviously if you’ve lost some or all of your income, the stimulus check is meant to help cover the bills.
Even if you don’t need the extra cash now, it would be wise to plan ahead for a potentially lengthy shutdown and recession. While there is hope the economy could resume within the next month or two, the only true “cure” for the Coronavirus is a vaccine. While experimental trials have already started, it could be at least 12 – 18 months before a vaccine is approved and ready for the public.
So what can you do to be prepared?
- Follow CDC guidelines to stay safe. Protecting your family’s health is the first and foremost concern. While shutdowns and shelter-in-place orders can be inconvenient, they are mean to “flatten the curve” and reduce the number of people that get the virus to a level that is manageable by the healthcare system. Follow government guidelines to help slow the spread such as washing your hands often, avoiding touching your face, and practice social distancing.
- Add to your emergency fund. Now is the time to increase your emergency fund if you can. If you don’t have one, plan for contingencies such as taking out a HELOC (home equity line of credit) on your house or potentially tapping into a 401(k) loan if you absolutely must.
- Make a budget. If you haven’t already, starting a budget will allow you to see where your money is going and where you can tighten things up. You can use these budget percentages as a starting point. For an online solution, I use and recommend Personal Capital to track all of my finances in one place.
- Lower your expenses. By tracking your expenses for your budget, you can see where you can cut unnecessary costs or lower existing bills. Trim is an automated tool that will help you negotiate bills such as your cable or phone bill. And Gabi is a great tool to help you compare insurance rates and save you money on home and auto insurance.
- Make extra money on the side. If you have extra time on your hands during the shutdown, now is a great time to consider a side hustle, or find ways to make extra money. Even if you’re short on time, there are some ways to make money fast without too much effort.
Still Have Questions?
The IRS created a website where additional information will be posted on the stimulus as it becomes available. I will also be updating this page as more information is released.