Yesterday the law firm of Hagens Berman filed a class action suit (3:12-cv-05657) in the State of Washington against Meracord (Formerly NoteWorld), Linda Remsberg personally, Lloyd E. Ward, Lloyd Ward PC, Lloyd Ward & Associates, The Lloyd Ward Group, Lloyd Ward Group II, Ward Holdings Inc, and Settlement Compliance Commission.
This marks the second active class action suit against Lloyd Ward in the State of Washington.
As these suits have progressed over time the Plaintiff attorneys continue to uncover more and more successive information. Seeing how this case was filed in Washington State and the Washington Supreme Court has already made an unfavorable ruling against escrow companies, this suit might sting a bit. See Washington Nails Global Client Solutions as a Debt Adjuster. Game Changer.
From reading the case it appears the fundamental concerns are that allegedly independent third party entities, like Meracord (NoteWorld) did not actually behave in an independent or fiduciary capacity but instead helped facilitate and profited from relationships with debt settlement companies like Ward’s that did not deliver the service as sold.
What makes this case interesting as a class action is that the consumers initial participating are not all from Washington State. Some initial filers are residents of Pennsylvania and Illinois.
What follows below are the statements and allegations made as part of the filing. Anyone interested in learning more about this case, from either side of the positions made, should contact the attorneys involved in filing this case.
Stuart M. Paynter
Celeste H.G. Boyd
The Paynter Law Firm, PLLC
Washington D.C. Office
1200 G Street
Washington, D.C. 20005
Telephone: (202) 626-4486
Fax: (866) 734-0622
Steve W. Berman
Thomas E. Loeser
1918 Eighth Avenue
Seattle, WA 98101
Tel: (206) 623-7292
Fax: (206) 623-0594
I did notice that one of the examples given in the suit appears to be that of Dinah, the subject of a previous article here, Express Debt Settlement Takes 17K and Refuses Refund? WTH.
If you would like to read the full complaint, you can do so here.
Many Americans suffered – and continue to suffer – extreme financial and emotional hardships as a result of the recent recession. From these difficult times rose a highly profitable industry purporting to provide “debt relief” to financially troubled and over-extended consumers.
While there are, no doubt, some companies in the debt-relief industry that provide genuine assistance to consumers, there are also countless bad actors who see a consumer in financial distress as just another mark to be taken. Defendant Meracord, formerly known as NoteWorld, LLC, and its network of conspirators and accomplices form a perfect example of the latter. To Meracord and its network, the recession offered not hardship, but windfall profits through
exploitation of those suffering financial distress.
Meracord engages and relies upon a network of “front-end” debt settlement companies (“Front DSCs”) – including Lloyd Ward and their various related entities – that it utilizes to recruit customers. The Front DSCs offer to act as intermediaries between distressed and distraught debtors and their creditors, using inflated claims and misrepresentations about their services to sign up customers, and charging exorbitant and abusive fees once the mark is on the hook. The Front DSCs require customers to set up an escrow account into which the customer makes a monthly deposit, generally via an automatic electronic funds transfer. These accounts are administered by Defendant Meracord, which is a “back-end” debt settlement company. In theory, once a sufficient balance accumulates in the escrow account, the Front DSCs will approach creditors and utilize the accumulated balance to settle outstanding debts for a lump sum in return for fees that are strictly regulated by law. The reality, however, is very different.
Both the Front DSCs and Meracord represent to consumers that Meracord is independent and unaffiliated with the Front DSCs and that consumers will at all times have control over their money. Defendant Remsberg calls Meracord “an objective third party processor” on her blog. These statements are false. In fact, Meracord is deeply intertwined with, and actively conspires with, the Front DSCs. Indeed, for most of the Front DSCs, Meracord provides software through which consumers view their account balances and have the ability to “approve or decline” settlement agreements with their creditors – if any are actually ever reached. This software in many cases represents the bulk of the “services” that the Front DSC actually provides.
Contrary to Meracord’s assurances, it does not act as an independent fiduciary. Instead, together with its network of Front DSCs, it loots customers’ escrow accounts by withdrawing exorbitant and abusive fees pursuant to debt settlement contracts that are wholly fraudulent and known by Meracord and Defendant Remsberg to be so. Moreover, the contracts, as well as the fees charged by both Meracord and the Front DSCs, are illegal under Washington State laws regulating the debt settlement industry. In many cases, as a result of the exorbitant fees charged, it is impossible for the consumer to ever accumulate sufficient funds for his or her debts to be settled as promised.
If consumers discover the fraud and attempt to retrieve the illegally extracted fees, they often find that the Front DSC is completely unresponsive, or, worse, is nothing more than a shell entity with no real address and no discernible ownership structure. Meracord, for its part, stonewalls customers and refuses to refund illegal fees, hiding behind false claims that it “only” provides “payment processing” services; that it is “not a debt settlement company;” and that it is wholly “independent” from the suddenly unavailable (or vanishing) Front DSCs. By the time Meracord actually closes the account, the consumer will have lost thousands, and in some cases tens of thousands, of dollars in unlawful charges.
Meracord’s debt settlement account “churn” rate (cancelled accounts as a percentage of active accounts) approaches 70% – a clear and objective indication that the vast majority of its business activity is wholly fraudulent. This tell-tale exorbitant “churn” rate is well known to Defendant Remsberg.
Meracord’s claim that it is not a debt settlement or “debt adjusting” company is particularly outrageous, since it clearly met the statutory definition for such companies during the relevant time period for this complaint. Moreover, the online account management tool that Meracord provides for customers specifically has a section entitled “Settlements,” where customers can “get more details about [pending settlement agreements] and . . . approve or decline the proposed agreement[s].”
Plaintiffs bring this action pursuant to the Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (“RICO”) and Washington state law, to remedy and stop Meracord’s illegal conduct. Plaintiffs bring this action on behalf of themselves and a Class consisting of all persons in the United States who established an account with Defendant Meracord LLC ( or its predecessors or subsidiaries) from which Meracord processed any payments related to any debt settlement program.
Meracord acted – and continues to act – in concert with the Front DSCs to perpetuate an unfair, deceptive, and fraudulent business scheme injurious to consumers and in violation of RICO; Washington’s debt adjusting statute, WASH. REV. CODE § 18.28; and the Washington Consumer Protection Act, WASH. REV. CODE § 19.86.
Venue is proper pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1391(b)(2) because the events that gave rise to the claims occurred in substantial part in this judicial district. Meracord is headquartered in this district and the racketeering enterprise alleged is centered in Tacoma, Washington. In addition, the Terms and Conditions signed by Plaintiffs Hewson and Johnson-Peredo (and likely Plaintiff Canada and most, if not all, putative Class members) expressly state that “[a]ny and all legal action” against Meracord “must be transacted or brought in a court located in the State of Washington.” (Emphasis added.) As a result, Meracord cannot attempt to compel arbitration of this action based on dubious arbitration clauses used by many of its Front DSCs.
This Court has personal jurisdiction over Meracord because its principal place of business is Tacoma, Washington, which is also where it is headquartered. In addition, the Terms and Conditions signed by Plaintiffs Hewson and Johnson-Peredo expressly state that “[a]ny and all legal action” against Meracord “must be transacted or brought in a court located in the State of Washington.”
This Court has personal jurisdiction over Linda Remsberg because Defendant Remsberg has controlled and directed the affairs of Defendant Meracord and the Meracord Enterprise described below from Meracord’s headquarters in Tacoma, Washington and because, on information and belief, Defendant Remsberg resides in this district.
This Court has personal jurisdiction over each of the Lloyd Ward Defendants pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1965(b) since the Lloyd Ward Defendants participated in the conduct of the Meracord Enterprise and the claims against Lloyd Ward arise, in part, out of its business transactions with Meracord, a Washington-based company. This Court also has jurisdiction over the Lloyd Ward Defendants pursuant to RCW § 19.86.160, since the Lloyd Ward Defendants together engaged in violations of RCW § 19.86 which had an impact on the state of Washington. Specifically, the Lloyd Ward Defendants have actively participated in the Meracord Enterprise and conspired with Meracord with the intent and effect of defrauding consumers nationwide, including hundreds if not thousands of consumers located in this district.
Defendant Meracord, LLC (“Meracord”) is a Delaware limited liability company with its principal place of business in Tacoma, Washington. According to its Sign-Up Agreement, Meracord “is in the business of providing transaction management and processing services and certain related services as an independent third party,” and its website touts its aim “to be the most respected 3rd party payment service provider in the world, where there is a written promise that dictates the responsible and accurate treatment of the payment.”
Defendant Meracord was formerly known as NoteWorld. After a number of class action lawsuits were filed against NoteWorld, the company changed its name to Meracord. Frequent name changes are a common tactic in the debt settlement industry. By changing names, companies in the debt settlement industry are able to wipe clean their online reputations virtually overnight, making it more difficult for consumers to associate the company with the lawsuits and other negative consumer feedback. In this Complaint, Plaintiffs refer to “Meracord,” although most of the events described herein took place when the company was called “NoteWorld.”
Defendant Meracord has conspired and/or currently conspires with scores (if not hundreds) of front-end debt settlement companies (“Front DSCs”), who together with Meracord compose the Meracord Enterprise. Those Front DSCs include at least the following entities: Lloyd Ward and Associates, Express Debt Settlement Holdings, Law Office of Simon & Bocksch, Freedom Debt Relief, First Rate Debt Solutions, Expert Settlement Professional, P&E Solutions, Freedom Debt Center, Accredited Financial Corporation, Amber Network Inc., Best Debt Options, Beyond Financial Service, Brite Credit Inc. (d/b/a Brite Credit 123), Century Negotiations Inc., Clear Debt Solution, Coastal Debt Solutions LLC, Consumerwise Debt Solutions Inc., Counsel 4 Debt Relief, Countrywide Debt Solutions Inc., Credit Care Corporation, CreditCare Pro, Debt Help Center USA, Debt National Relief, Debt Reinvestment, Debt Solutions, Debt Erase Inc., DebtPointer Inc., DebtPro LLC, DTS Financial Group, E.A.C. Financial LLC, FBL Associates, Freedom Debt Solutions, Help Settle LLC, Helpsettle.com, Innovative Debt Solutions, Lifeguard Financial, Maximum Debt Solutions, Morgan Stevens Financial Solutions Company, National Financial Freedom LLC, Nationwide Consumer Advocacy Group, On Track Financial LLC, Personal Debt Systems of America, Princeton Debt Management LLC, Reduce My Debt LLC, Settle A Debt Inc., Settlement Corporation of America, SilverLeaf Debt Solutions, The Debt Answer, The Debt Cure, US Consumer Report, Vision Debt.com and World Debt Solutions. Many of these Front DSCs have been the subject of state and federal investigations for consumer fraud.
Defendant Linda Remsberg is the Owner, President, and CEO of Defendant Meracord. Remsberg acquired Meracord in 2007, having worked for the company for approximately nine years prior to that, primarily in the company’s Seller Finance business unit. As President/CEO, Defendant Remsberg oversaw the creation of Meracord’s Debt Settlement business unit, which now generates over 70% of the company’s revenues. Defendant Remsberg oversaw the creation of the Meracord Enterprise and, in conjunction with the principals and owners of the Front DSC’s described above, Defendant Remsberg continues to conduct and/or participate in the conduct of the Meracord Enterprise’s unlawful activities.
Defendant Remsberg maintains an official blog on the Meracord website that disingenuously touts Meracord’s purported belief in “consumer protection.” Examples of Defendant Remsberg’s blatantly false and misleading descriptions of Meracord and its business practices include:
(a) “We always do things right;”
(b) “We build trust by being trustworthy;”
(c) “We care about the people’s lives we touch;” and
(d) “We lead transparently.”
None of these things are true. The truth is that after being purchased by Defendant Remsberg, Meracord was transformed from a company whose business was devoted almost exclusively to processing payments for private mortgages into a company whose major business is preying on financially vulnerable consumers by creating the mechanism by which scores of dubious “debt-settlement” companies can easily obtain direct payments from victims’ bank accounts. In that manner, Meracord deliberately supports, facilitates and participates in the criminal conduct described below.
Lloyd Ward Defendants
Defendant Lloyd E. Ward is an attorney licensed to practice in the state of Texas. He owns and/or controls a byzantine web of corporate entities. These entities include those listed below, all of which, upon information and belief, operate in association with (or under the name) “Lloyd Ward & Associates” (“LWA”). According to its website, LWA is a law firm established in 1992 and located in Dallas, Texas. In addition to other practice areas, the firm publicizes a Debt Settlement practice and touts its “relationships with creditors” who “realize that we are working as diligently as they are to negotiate a debt settlement and remove it from their books.”
LWA’s website falsely advertises that its debt negotiation service is “guaranteed in writing to work or your fees will be returned!”
Defendant Lloyd Ward, P.C. is a Texas professional corporation located in Dallas, Texas. Defendant Ward serves as the sole Director, President, and registered agent for Lloyd Ward, P.C. Upon information and belief, Lloyd Ward, P.C. also does business as Lloyd Ward Group, LLC.
Defendant Lloyd Ward & Associates, P.C. is a Texas professional corporation located in Dallas, Texas. The registered agent for Lloyd Ward & Associates, P.C. is Lloyd Ward, P.C., with both entities using identical addresses. Defendant Ward serves as President of Lloyd Ward & Associates, P.C. Upon information and belief, Lloyd Ward & Associates P.C. also does business as Lloyd Ward Group, LLC.
Defendant The Lloyd Ward Group, P.C. is a Texas professional corporation located in Dallas, Texas. Defendant Lloyd Ward, P.C. serves as the company’s registered agent, and Defendant Ward serves as CEO, Director, and President of The Lloyd Ward Group, P.C. The Lloyd Ward Group, P.C. also operates under the assumed name Lloyd Ward Group II.
Ward Holdings, Inc. is a Texas corporation located in Dallas, Texas. Defendant Ward serves as the company’s registered agent, President and Director. The company’s charter was involuntarily forfeited in February 2012 for failure to comply with the Texas Tax Code.
Defendant Settlement Compliance Commission Inc. is a Texas corporation located in Dallas, TX. Defendant Lloyd Ward & Associates, P.C. serves as the company’s registered agent, and both companies are located at the same Dallas address. Defendant Ward serves as a Director of the company, along with two other individuals: Mike Miles and Chris Garrison. Mr. Miles also serves as the Manager of SilverLeaf Debt Solutions, LLC, one of the other entities that is involved in Plaintiff Marie Johnson-Peredo’s Meracord transactions. The relationship between Defendant Ward and Mr. Miles/SilverLeaf served as the basis for a disciplinary petition brought by the State Bar of Texas against Defendant Ward for various violations of the Texas Rules of Professional Conduct.
The Debt Settlement Industry
As the economy has declined in recent years, the number of Americans unable to pay their debts has increased, bringing a concurrent increase in the number of companies (both nonprofit and for-profit) offering to help consumers manage or eliminate those debts. Among those companies are those offering for-profit “debt settlement” services.
Debt settlement companies purport to assist consumers by acting as intermediaries between a consumer and his or her creditors, and charge fees to “negotiate” with creditors in the hopes of getting the creditors to settle for less than the full amount of the consumer’s debt.
Typically these debt settlement companies operate by requiring that a consumer agree to have a specific monthly payment automatically deducted from the consumer’s account and sent into a specified bank account not under the consumer’s direct control. The monthly payment is used to pay the company’s fees, and the remaining amount goes towards accumulating money to provide a “lump sum” amount which the debt settlement company can use to negotiate with creditors in order to lower the overall amount required to satisfy the consumer’s debt.
Individuals suffering from debt-related troubles may be among the most vulnerable consumers, due to the inherent emotional stress of carrying seemingly insurmountable debt loads – a stress compounded by the harassment suffered by many debtors at the hands of collection agencies. Despite the passage of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, many collectors continue to subject indebted consumers to a deluge of harassing and harrowing phone calls and letters demanding payment of debts and threatening dire consequences, resulting in an increasing sense of desperation experienced by many debtors. Add to this emotionally charged setting a debt settlement company promising to “make it all go away,” and an environment rife with fraud and consumer exploitation emerges.
Indeed, many states, along with multiple federal government agencies and consumer advocates, have recognized the rampant abuses taking place in the debt settlement industry, and have taken steps to curb such abuses.
Recently, the Federal Trade Commission (“FTC”) responded to industry practice by issuing new regulations prohibiting the very practices described herein, which include charging advance fees for debt settlement services, as well as misrepresenting the nature and details of the services to be provided. In describing the rationale for its advance fee ban, the FTC noted: “Consumers in the midst of financial distress suffer monetary harm – often in the hundreds or thousands of dollars – when, following sales pitches frequently characterized by high pressure and deception, they use their scarce funds to pay in advance for promised results that, in most cases, never materialize.” FTC Telemarketing Sales Rule, 75 Fed. Reg. 153, 48482 (August 10, 2010).
In 2010, the Government Accountability Office (“GAO”) issued a report on the for profit debt settlement industry. Bearing the illustrative title “DEBT SETTLEMENT: Abusive, and Deceptive Practices Pose Risk to Consumers,” the report outlined the GAO’s investigation of 20 debt settlement companies, in which GAO staff members had posed as indebted consumers. The GAO “found the experiences of its fictitious consumers to be consistent with widespread complaints and charges made by federal and state investigators on behalf of real consumers against debt settlement companies engaged in fraudulent, abusive, or deceptive practices.”
In Washington State, the legislature’s concern about abusive practices in the debt settlement industry led it to pass an act placing strict limitations and requirements on entities involved in “debt adjusting.”1 The Washington Supreme Court held in 2011 that “debt adjusters” under the statute clearly included “payment processors” such as Meracord. In making that determination, the court briefly reviewed the legislative history of the Act, noting that it “reveal[ed] a deep-seated concern about the abuses inherent in the debt adjusting industry,” abuses that the legislature found stemming from “[t]he lack of industry regulation, and the frequently unsophisticated and/or desperate client seeking relief from bill collectors’ harassment.” Carlsen v. Global Client Solutions, LLC, 171 Wn.2d 486, 495 (2011).
The Meracord Enterprise
In order to vastly grow its customer base, while shielding itself from the scrutiny and complaints of those it defrauds, Meracord – at the direction of Defendant Linda Remsberg – partners with an elaborate network of Front DSCs. Meracord uses the Front DSC network to sign up desperate and unsuspecting consumers who are looking for relief from the overwhelming stress of their indebtedness.
Typically, a consumer will sign up with a Front DSC representing itself as a single company engaged in the business of debt settlement. Front DSCs seek customers through unsolicited phone calls, email, or mail, as well as internet, television and radio advertising claiming to offer relief for consumers saddled with overwhelming debt.
Only later, if ever, does the consumer discover that there are multiple companies involved in the process. The relationships between the various companies are purposefully obscured to prevent the consumer from disentangling the complicated scheme.
With Meracord’s and Remsberg’s knowledge and approval, its Front DSCs uniformly and falsely represent to the consumer that Meracord is an independent, unbiased “payment processing” company. Meracord itself and Remsberg herself affirm these misrepresentations and uniformly and falsely hold Meracord out to consumers as completely “independent” from its Front DSCs and “objective.” In fact, there exist close relationships between Meracord and its network of Front DSCs:
(a) Meracord promotes, establishes, maintains, and manages debt settlement accounts on behalf of consumers as an integral component of debt settlement programs marketed by its Front DSCs;
(b) Meracord invites select Front DSC’s to join its VIP Club and provides these Front DSC’s with free industry research and free analysis of their “consumer portfolio[s];”
(c) Meracord treats major debt relief sales channels to VIP events;
(d) Meracord provides the software through which customers enrolled by the Front DSCs monitor their escrow accounts and approve creditor settlements – in the relatively rare circumstances that such settlements actually occur;
(e) Meracord’s profits are dependent on increasing the number of debt settlement customers signed up by the Front DSCs because each such customer is also required to sign-up for Meracord’s services;
(f) Despite Meracord’s express representation that the Front DSCs do not act as its “agents,” the Front DSCs act under Meracord’s direction and control when they provide customers with “Sign-Up Agreements” on its behalf;
(g) Despite Meracord’s express representation that it does not act as an “agent” for its Front DSCs, Meracord in fact processes automatic withdrawals from customer bank accounts pursuant to agreements purportedly between the Front DSCs and the customer, and distributes unlawful debt settlement fees back to the Front DSCs;
(h) Meracord is deeply intertwined with the Front DSCs. Defendant Remsberg, on behalf of Meracord, often attends debt settlement industry events, where she serves on panels alongside representatives of the Front DSCs, and, upon information and belief, describes Meracord and the Front DSCs as engaged in the joint endeavor of recruiting debt settlement customers.
(i) For example, in April 2011, Defendant Remsberg attended a conference of The Association of Settlement Companies (“TASC,” which shortly thereafter changed its name to the American Fair Credit Council). At the TASC conference, Remsberg served on a panel with four other panelists – all four of whom represented Front DSCs. One of the panelists was Andrew Housser, CEO of Freedom Debt Relief, a Front DSC involved in the scam that injured Plaintiff Dinah Canada, and which at the time had already been investigated by the Washington State Attorney General’s office for violations of Washington consumer protection laws (discussed in further detail below).
(ii) During the panel discussion at the TASC conference, on information and belief, Remsberg referred to her company and the Front DSCs as part of a joint endeavor, saying that “[our customers] feel we are better at negotiating than they are. That’s why they sign up with us,” and advising that business success for the endeavor depends on “who we are enrolling” and “how fast are we delivering results.”
The standardized contracts provided to consumers by the Front DSCs contain, at the very least, an agreement for debt settlement services as well as a Meracord “Sign-Up Agreement,” and often contain a myriad of other confusingly worded forms.
The debt settlement programs provided for by these agreements universally involve the following material elements:
(a) The consumer agrees to pay specified debt settlement fees that, unbeknownst to the consumer, are illegal and per se unfair, but generate large profits for the Meracord Enterprise;
(b) In addition to the debt settlement fees, Meracord charges the consumer unlawful fees to maintain and manage the trust account necessary for the operation of the debt settlement program;
(c) The debt settlement account is established for the purported purpose of accumulating funds with which to pay the settlements ostensibly to be negotiated by the Front DSCs;
(d) Meracord is authorized to automatically transfer periodic (usually monthly) payments from the consumer’s personal bank account into the debt settlement account;
(e) The program’s success and the consumer’s ability to financially afford the monthly debt settlement program payments generally presupposes that the consumer does not make further payments of his/her own on the outstanding and now further defaulting debt;
(f) Meracord is also authorized to automatically and periodically debit the debt settlement account to pay the exorbitant debt settlement fees specified in the debt settlement agreement and “Sign-Up Agreement;”
(g) The fees usually entirely consume consumers’ monthly debt settlement payments for the first months, if not years, of participation in the program, and substantially consume consumers’ monthly payments for the remainder of the debt settlement program;
(h) In almost all cases, the consumer would be far better off simply directing the monthly payments to his/her creditors directly, thereby saving the fees illegally, unfairly and deceptively extracted by the Meracord Enterprise, and preventing the further accumulation of compounded interest.
43. The contracts used by the Front DSCs, in addition to charging illegal fees, contain false, misleading, and illegal statements. For example, the contracts, along with the claims made by the Front DSCs’ salespeople, often
(a) Mislead customers into thinking that the debt settlement process will be handled by attorneys, or are “backed by” law firms;
(b) Fail to disclose with appropriate specificity the nature of the fees to be charged and when such fees will be incurred;
(c) Make false and/or misleading claims about the “success rates” of the programs;
(d) Make false and/or misleading statements about the length of time it will take to complete the program;
(e) Make false or misleading promises about the percentage of the customer’s debt that the company will be able to settle; and
(f) Make false or misleading statements about the factors that affect the customer’s credit score and the impact of the debt settlement program on that score.
Moreover, the Front DSCs’ salespeople often pressure consumers into signing (or “esigning”) the contracts quickly, without any meaningful opportunity to review the terms; and for their part, the contract terms are often so confusingly worded as to be unintelligible to the average consumer.
Meracord Defendants know that the contracts used by its Front DSCs are fraudulent and illegal, but Meracord still continues to process payments according to the terms of those contracts. Meracord Defendants’ knowledge is self-evident, as
(a) Meracord processes payments pursuant to the contracts used by its Front DSCs, giving it direct knowledge of the fraudulent and illegal nature of those contracts;
(b) Meracord Defendants – as well as Lloyd Ward Defendants – are acutely aware of the enormous volume of consumer complaints regarding these fraudulent contracts and the false claims made to enroll consumers in debt settlement programs offered by the Meracord Enterprise. There are scores, if not hundreds, of consumer complaints on the Internet involving the scheme perpetrated by Meracord and its Front DSCs; and
(c) Meracord’s debt settlement “payment processing” business is characterized by astronomically high churn rates (canceled accounts as a percentage of active accounts). Meracord has internally determined that its churn rates invariably exceed 60% and on occasion have exceeded 70%. Defendant Remsberg is aware of these high churn rates, which are symptomatic of and thus reveal widespread fraud.
Front DSCs tout their association with Meracord as proof of their bona fides and to convince consumers that they are legitimate providers of debt relief services.
The following are just a few examples of the complaints that consumers have posted on the Internet:
(a) “I am in a terrible debt situation, I used [Meracord] to help me get my debt collection off my back giving them $240.00 a month, now my situation has grown worst, and have paid them $480.00 I can’t keep my payments up with [Meracord], I never got any thing done from them and I asked for a refund and they said no, I felt like all my money went into helping my self get out of debt and now they have made it impossible for me to pay anybody now I am in a rut. Why can’t I get some of it back, not even $5.00 and they no longer want to help me. I just know that my creditors are still calling and I don’t know what to do.”
(b) “[Meracord] is doing business with Lloyd Ward Law Firm. Lloyd Ward Law Firm was suppose to settle my debt and 2 months have gone by and they have not settled any debts. Therefore, they breached their contract. [Meracord] does business with them (I believe they are run by the same person/people. They say they are an “independent” company). They made 2 deductions from my account and refuses to give the money back stating fees for services by LLoyd Ward. They didn’t do anything for me as contracted. Yet, [Meracord] is refusing to refund the money. How independent is that? Just because you have a seperate Federal ID number, doesn’t mean you aren’t owned by the same people. However, I will be filing complaints against both companies. DO NOT DO ANY BUSINESS WITH LLOYD WARD LAW FIRM OR [MERACORD]. THERE IS DISHONESTY BY BOTH. RESEARCH THEM ON THE NET. YOU FIND THERE ARE THE SAME TYPES OF COMPLAINTS AGAINST BOTH.”
(c) “I went to note world for help on lowering interest on credit cards and they started taking money out of my account every month in the amount of $376.38 and referred me to another company named attorney at law associates Lloyd ward firm for help on the credit cards. The Lloyd ward customers services employees don’t want to get in touch with the creditors over the phones, their way is over the mailing letters instead and not talking for the clients and keep taking my money of $376.38. I joined them in March the note world and the Lloyd wards for help. The account collected from me about three grand already and I just closed it on October 27, 2010 because the Lloyd wards and note world were taking my money and not helping us. Edith and Paul I tried to file a complaint online with the better business bureau and they want so much information, the money was being debit monthly out of my account. Why do I have to prove how crooked these companies are.”
(d) “This Company is a big Scam and I think a class action law suite should be started even if it take years to finish. I encouraged my mother and mother-inlaw to enroll and place my name as a contact to assist with both accounts. Me and my wife were providing financial support with the accounts, which my mother-in-law suddenly died last month and the company has had us fax documents as proof. We have sent death certificate, and power of attorney, but the company request q new document everytime because they don’t want to release the money that’s sitting in the trust account. Since the company appears to be a scam, I had my mother to cancel her account and all they refunded was $600 and paid off 1 debt in over a year after I provided a $216 payment to her for lloydward/noteworld every month.The second debt they claim to be paying an arrangement with has yet to receive the two $184 payments they claim to have paid. After all this, we didn’t discover the lies until my wife contacted them that her mother died and requested the funds that were in the trust account. Currently we are seeking an attorney to persue the lloydward firm for the mental anquish they are creating for my wife. At this point it’s not the small amount of money, but it’s the principal that they are scamming many people including the disabled elderly.”
(e) “Three years ago, I contracted the services of Clear Debt Solution to negotiate and reduce my credit card debt. Per the agreement, I made monthly payments to a third-party account for use in the debt settlement. Over $3000 was collected up front by CDS and [Meracord] Service Center, the party in control of my account. At the end of the program, for which I had contributed $317 per month for over two years, only one account was settled by CDS. When a second creditor sued, CDS did not respond to my requests for information in a timely manner. After I lost the suit, my account was wiped out, plus I had to pay more, to pay the court-ordered settlement. Three accounts remained unsettled. As I had made no payments nor attempts to communicate with the credit card companies, per my agreement with CDS, each balance had doubled over the two years. As I see it, these people made $3000 and I became deeper in debt than when I started.”
(f) “Lifeguard Financial is a fraud. They make claims that they can settle your debt for 50 cents on the dollar of your debt. They claim that they neogiate your debt with your creditors, a lie. The client does all the work contacting the creditors that Lifeguard is handling the clients debt. Lifeguard takes monthly payments from your checking account through a escrow agent, namely [Meracord]. The problem is most of all of your payments through [Meracord] go back to Lifeguard Financial as fees leaving little funds to accumulate to go towards the settlement with the creditors. I was in this program almost a year and found that little amount of my monthly payments were accumulating towards settlement.
In another instance, I was threated with a lawsuit from one of my creditors, I was told by their legal department to respond to the court clerk sending me notice of the potential lawsuit which I also had to copy to the plaintiffs attorneys. Lifeguard is of no help. In additon the creditors explained to me that they refuse to deal with Lifeguard Financial. So what does that tell you. I will file a complaint with Florida’s attorney general. I don’t think that contacting BBB will get anywhere. I cancelled my contract with Lifeguard Financial and expected a cordial converstation and that they will refund of my monies that I paid them. Instead I got this “pitbull” whose name is “Robert” on the telephone that started screaming at me about cancelling the contract with threats of suing me. I ended up screaming back at him, needless to say at this point I out several thousand dollars. If there is a class action suit, I want to be part of it.”
(g) “Back in March of 2008 I entered into a contract for debt relief with ClearDebt Results. I first spoke with a Robert Till, then a Patrick Schlosser, then I was passed to James Callahan, then again to Tiffany Shrum, all who appear to no longer work at this company. This company has taken $1300 dollars from me, provided no service as they say they were going to and they have a comapny called [Meracord] Service Center continue to take $100 a month directly out of my check. I want answers as to why they aren’t taking care of these credit issues as they stated they would. None of these creditors have been paid and I continue to get harrassing phone calls.”
(h) “On 09/16/09, I signed a contract with Covenant Debt Solutions to have them settle my unsecured debt and credit card accounts. Covenant used the services of [Meracord] Service Center to deduct monies from my checking account to payoff my debt. [Meracord] began to deduct $535.74 on the 17th of each month, beginning on 10/17/2009. The monthly deduction included $390.93 for service fee, $14.50 for maintenance fee and $130.31 to be placed in my trust account. It was very difficult to speak to Covenant’s customer service department and I decided to cancel their services on 11/30/09. I spoke with “oscar” who stated my trust account funds would be mailed to me within 7-10 days and pursuant a phone call from Brian. I waited but no check was sent to me. I phoned Brian who stated that he was not in charge of approving issuance of any checks and that he would have a supervisor contact me. I never received a phone call from a Covenant supervisor. To this date, no check has been issued/received from Covenant or [Meracord]. I placed a stop payment with my bank to prevent [Meracord] to continue taking my monies.”
Instead of investigating these complaints and refusing to do business with the unsavory Front DSCs, Meracord – at the direction of Defendant Remsberg – devotes its energy to posting false and misleading rebuttals to these complaints. These rebuttals falsely claim:
(a) That Meracord is not a debt settlement company, despite the fact that its actions clearly fall under the statutory definition for such companies during the relevant time period of this complaint;
(b) That Meracord “takes on the payment servicing obligations as an independent and objective company and does not act at the direction of the [debt settlement companies],” despite the fact that Meracord withdraws fees from customer payments at the behest of its Front DSCs and then provides those fees to the Front DSCs;
(c) That it is “not contracted with” its Front DSCs, despite the fact that, on information and belief, Meracord and its Front DSCs enter into contracts related to the debt settlement programs administered by both entities;
(d) That it “follows the instructions stated in the Meracord contract and at no time acts without authorization from the consumer,” despite the fact that many times the contracts signed by consumers do not contain specific schedules of when fees will be withdrawn, and thus Meracord’s withdrawal of fees must necessarily be the result of separate (unilateral) instructions from the Front DSCs.
Meracord perpetuates the fraud by making false and misleading statements of its own through its website, emails and letters to customers, and the Sign-Up Agreements given to customers on behalf of Meracord by the Front DSCs – including the Lloyd Ward Defendants. These statements include false assurances that customers are fully “in control” of their accounts, and that Meracord will not disburse any funds without the customer’s permission, when in fact Meracord and its Front DSCs are in control of the debt settlement accounts, routinely disbursing money to themselves for unearned and illegal fees.
Meracord also falsely claims that it is not a debt settlement or “debt adjusting” company, even though it meets the statutory definition for such companies, during the relevant time period of this complaint, since it is engaged in receiving funds for the purpose of distributing said funds among creditors in payment or partial payment of obligations of a debtor. Significantly, the online account management tool that Meracord provides (“MyPromise,” formerly called “NoteWorld Reporter”) has a section entitled “Settlements,” where customers can “get more details about [pending settlement agreements] and . . . approve or decline the proposed agreement[s].”
Customers who discover the fraudulent activities of the Meracord Enterprise find themselves fighting an uphill battle to disentangle the labyrinthine scheme and determine the party ultimately responsible for the scam. The ephemeral Front DSCs disappear, stop answering phone calls, disclaim responsibility, or resort to outright threats and intimidation; and Meracord also refuses to admit any responsibility for the fraud in which it was complicit. Indebted consumers are thus left in worse positions than if they had never sought help at all, having often paid thousands of dollars in exorbitant and illegal fees that could have gone towards reducing their debt loads.
Remsberg and Meracord profit from the fees generated by each consumer enrolled by the Front DSC members of the Enterprise, knowing that the fees are generated by fraudulent and deceptive means, and knowing that often the fees charged are flatly illegal.
The Front DSCs in the Meracord Enterprise include entities like the Lloyd Ward Defendants, who have been the subject of multiple lawsuits and government investigations related to their debt settlement business:
(a) A Kansas court found that the Lloyd Ward Defendants’ debt settlement practices violated the Kansas Consumer Protection Act and the Kansas Credit Services Organizations Act, harming the plaintiff in that case by causing a judgment to be entered against him and by causing him “considerable anguish, stress, and despair.” The court awarded the plaintiff $100,000 in damages ($4,347.82 for each of the twenty-three deceptive acts in which Lloyd Ward Defendants engaged), in addition to attorneys’ fees.
(b) The Connecticut Department of Banking issued a Cease and Desist Order in September 2011, requiring the Lloyd Ward Defendants to pay a $500,000 civil penalty for violations of Connecticut’s statutory requirements for debt adjusters/negotiators. The violations included charging fees that the Department found to be “excessive” and engaging in debt negotiation without a license. The Department also required the Lloyd Ward Defendants to specifically repay fees to a Connecticut resident who was charged excessive fees and, the Department found, “received no benefit” in return.
(c) In February 2012, a bankruptcy trustee in Ohio brought two lawsuits against Lloyd Ward Defendants on behalf of LWA customers who had entered bankruptcy. The suits alleged violations of the Ohio Debt Adjustment Companies Act, the Ohio Consumer Sales Practices Act, and Fraud. Among other things, the suits allege that “LWA is in the business of lending its name to debt settlement businesses . . . to create a fiction that the services are being performed by attorneys, thereby evading consumer protections applicable to such services, including fee limitations.”
(d) In April 2012, a class-action lawsuit was filed against Lloyd Ward Defendants, along with SilverLeaf Debt Solutions (one of the businesses involved in the scam that injured Plaintiff Marie Johnson-Peredo). The lawsuit alleges violations of the Washington Debt Adjusting Act and the Washington Consumer Protection Act, as well as breach of fiduciary duty, on behalf of Washington customers of the Lloyd Ward Defendants.
Defendant Ward is also personally the subject of an ongoing disciplinary petition filed by the Texas Commission for Lawyer Discipline, alleging six separate violations of the Texas Disciplinary Rules of Professional Conduct. The allegations revolve around Defendant Ward’s interactions with SilverLeaf Debt Solutions.
Lloyd Ward & Associates, P.C. currently has an “F” rating with the Better Business Bureau, based on dozens of complaints having been filed against the company in the last three years.
The Lloyd Ward Defendants profit from the fees generated by fraudulently inducing consumers to sign up for their debt settlement “services,” and profit from their association with the Meracord Enterprise by using Meracord to legitimize their services and by convincing consumers that their money will be safe in a Meracord account which only the consumer can control. In addition, because Meracord usually automatically deducts payments from the consumer’s bank account, the Lloyd Ward Defendants are more likely to reap illicit gains from consumers automatically after signing them up, as opposed to a system where consumers would later – after having reviewed and contemplated the “services” being offered – have to make a separate payment.
The Front DSCs in the Meracord Enterprise also include companies such as Freedom Debt Relief, which has had 251 complaints filed with the Better Business Bureau in the last three years and been the subject of an investigation by the Washington Attorney General which resulted in a March 3, 2011 consent decree.
The Washington State consent decree “stems from the Attorney General’s claims that Freedom Debt Relief in some cases charged consumers more than the allowed 15 percent of the total enrolled debt, taking its fees before the time permitted and failing to adequately inform consumers about how the program worked violating Washington’s debt adjusting act and consumer protection act.” As a part of the consent decree, Freedom Debt Relief agreed to pay approximately $800,000 in restitution for Washington consumers, and was forbidden from contracting with new Washington customers without notifying the Attorney General’s office.
Injury to Plaintiffs and the Class
The experiences of Plaintiffs Dinah Canada (“Dinah”), Robert Hewson (“Robert”), and Marie Johnson-Peredo (“Marie”) are illustrative of the Meracord Enterprise’s use of unscrupulous Front DSCs to recruit consumers for its fraudulent and unlawful debt settlement services.
All three Plaintiffs were struggling to pay off high-interest credit card debt. The Front DSCs – including Lloyd Ward Defendants – recruited Plaintiffs by promising that they could settle Plaintiffs’ debts quickly and for amounts between forty and fifty percent of the amounts owed. After Plaintiffs signed up with the Front DSCs, Meracord withdrew regular monthly payments from Plaintiffs’ bank accounts. After many months in the debt settlement programs,
none had received word of any settlement offers or successful settlements – and two Plaintiffs had been sued by their creditors. In response to Plaintiffs’ inquires, the Front DSCs either disappeared completely or offered little if any information about the status of their “settlement” efforts. Indeed, in Dinah’s case, her attempts to inquire into the status of her account resulted in the Front DSC threatening to sue her for “slander.”
With knowledge of the fraudulent nature of the contracts between Plaintiffs and the Front DSCs, Meracord withdrew monthly payments from Plaintiffs’ bank accounts and deducted exorbitant, illegal, and unearned fees, and refused to refund those fees after Plaintiffs closed their accounts. In addition to the fees, two Plaintiffs incurred additional legal expenses. Robert was forced to hire an attorney to reclaim part of the money Meracord withdrew from his account, and Marie had to hire an attorney to defend against lawsuits brought by her creditor.
Dinah immigrated to the United States from the Philippines in 1982. She was joined by her husband in 1988, and the two became U.S. citizens in 1994. Dinah’s two daughters were born in the United States. Her son, who was born in the Philippines, is a sailor in the United States Navy Submarine Service.
Dinah accumulated most of her debt due to (1) the illness of her father and father-inlaw in 2004; (2) a failed investment in 2004; (3) paying expenses associated with her son’s college education and transferring balances from her son’s high-interest-rate accounts to her own accounts; and (4) a failed business in 2006.
In 2007, several of Dinah’s credit card companies unilaterally lowered Dinah’s credit limits, resulting in the application of default interest rates approaching 30%. This dramatically increased the balances owed through the addition of unpaid interest to the account balances.
In 2008, Dinah’s husband was laid off from his job in the shipping department of a metal stamping company. The reduction in income further exacerbated her financial situation and led to further increases in her account balances.
As of March 2009, Dinah’s credit card debt had ballooned to $100,647.
Dinah was contacted in March 2009 by Dan Gordon, who said he represented Freedom Debt Relief. Gordon told Dinah that Freedom Debt Relief could solve her debt problems by negotiating with her creditors and dramatically reducing the amount she owed.
Gordon’s email to Plaintiff had the subject: “Be Debt Free!” and read as follows:
From: Dan Gordon
To: [Dinah Canada]
Sent: Thu, March 26, 2009 2:00:03 PM
Subject: Be Debt Free!
Getting DEPT-FREE is a phone call away with a no cost, no obligation brief consultation at toll-free 1-877-397-HELP (4357) I know that life is very busy, and that your debt situation is very important to you. Most likely it is the cause of a great deal of stress and concern right now. Debt is difficult to deal with…but, Freedom Debt Relief can relieve that stress!
At Freedom Debt Relief, we have a unique approach:
1 – We effectively get rid of the interest & fees and provide a low monthly payment
2 – We help you get out of debt quickly (typically 30 months or less) Raise Your Credit Score!
3 – We settle your debt for thousands less than you currently owe GUARANTEED or You Pay No Service Fees! ‘You have nothing to lose but your debt!’
Freedom Debt Relief…’Helping Good People Overcome Bad Credit Experiences’
Dinah contacted Gordon and was promised her debt would be eliminated with easy monthly payments for five years, and that the program was guaranteed to produce results.
Gordon told Dinah that she could trust his program, in part because it was administered by Meracord, which had an excellent rating with the Better Business Bureau. Dinah confirmed this was true, seeing Meracord had an A+ rating at that time.
Relying on Gordon’s representations, Dinah e-signed a “contract” (the “EDS Contract”). The EDS Contract bore little to no resemblance to the program that Dinah thought she was getting, and was so convoluted and deceptively drafted as to be incoherent in many places, and blatantly contradictory in others. Indeed, never had Gordon even mentioned EDS (“Express Debt Settlement,” or “Express Debt”), the company with whom Dinah was supposedly contracting.
The EDS Contract’s first page was titled “Important Information About Our Program.” Among other promises and assurances, it said, “Compared to making minimum payments, our average client will pay a small fraction, as little as 55% of the total debt.”
The first page also stated: “We do not consolidate your debt, and we do not make monthly payments to your creditors. Money will accumulate in your settlement account while we work with your creditors, and therefore your monthly payments to them will fall behind.”
The second three pages of the EDS Contract purported to be a “Client Service Agreement” between Express Debt Settlement and Dinah. The first sentence under “Subject Matter of Agreement” reads, “Client hereby retains and employs Express Debt to assist in resolving debts owed to the following creditors[.]” It then inexplicably states: “All parties to this Agreement agree that Express Debt will not pay or directly resolve any client debt and Client expressly acknowledges it.”
The agreement then calls for Express Debt to “employ the Law Office of Simon & Bocksch” – yet another company that Dinah had not previously heard of.
The next paragraph of the agreement called for Express Debt to get a non-refundable fee of 15% of the total debt “placed with Express Debt.” It called for a monthly payment of $719.98 per month for 60 months, which “shall be distributed in accordance with attached payment schedule (Exhibit A). The monthly payment includes a $49 monthly processing fee.”
Exhibit A to the EDS Contract (found nine pages later) then expressly states that “Our non-refundable fee” is $0.
Under paragraph six, captioned “Payments,” the agreement states: Client acknowledges that Client has chosen the services of NoteWorld to assist it in saving Client’s settlement funds.” NoteWorld, now Meracord, was yet another company that Dinah had not previously understood was involved in her debt settlement program. The paragraph states “Express Debt does not own or control NoteWorld,” but then states “Express Debt requires a minimum notice of Five (5) business days to change any scheduled electronic funds transfer from Client’s bank account.”
The next document in the EDS Contract was a “Authorization to Communicate” drawn on the letterhead of the Law Office of Simon & Bocksch. Dinah had not previously heard of Simon & Bocksch, yet this agreement purported to “appoint Simon & Bocksch and its employees as [Dinah’s] agents and authorize Simon & Bocksch to communicate with [Dinah’s] creditors and collection agencies, or other entities trying to collect debts from [Dinah.]”
The next two pages of the EDS Contract contained mostly blank “Client Personal Information,” followed (on page 9 of the EDS Contract) by a blank “Budget Analysis” and blank “Financial Hardship.” After those pages followed a list of Plaintiff’s creditors and amounts owed to each.
Page 11 of the EDS Contract was “Exhibit A,” which stated: “Our non-refundable fee [is] $ 0.”
Pages 12 and 13 of the EDS Agreement were the Meracord “Sign-Up Agreement.”
This “agreement” falsely claimed Meracord was an “independent third party;” purported to authorize Meracord to collect the fees listed; and authorized Meracord to collect additional fees for its “payment processing” services. It referred specifically to Express Debt Settlement as Dinah’s “Debt Settlement Company” or “DSC.” The Sign-Up Agreement noted Dinah’s payments of $719.98 would be drawn automatically from her bank account and noted the account information. It also indicated that Express Debt Settlement had a “Debt Settlement Company Account ID Number” of N99067.
Throughout the 13 pages of the EDS Contract, and on each of the “agreements” described above included therein, Dinah’s electronic “signature” appears nine times, each time in identical electronic script with the same signature date of “4/16/2009.”
At no time did Gordon indicate to Dinah what the schedule would be for the payment of fees to Freedom Debt Relief, Express Debt Settlement, Simon & Bocksch, or Meracord; or the exact nature of any individual fees.
Nowhere in the Sign-Up Agreement, the Client Services Agreement, the Authorization to Communicate, or any of the other documents, did the EDS Contract disclose with precision the nature and timing of all of the fees Dinah was to pay under the EDS Contract. Nor did the EDS Contract disclose the fact that the first $12,000 plus of Dinah’s initial payments would go not toward paying off her debt, but instead toward paying fees.
Despite the fact that the EDS Contract expressly anticipated the debt settlement services of Meracord, a Washington State corporation, the Contract did not include the “Notice to Debtor” required by WASH. REV. CODE § 18.28.100(7).
The EDS Contract also made the following false and/or misleading claims, upon which Dinah relied:
(a) That only Dinah would be allowed to disburse funds from her trust account – this was untrue as Meracord disbursed funds to itself and to other participants in the Meracord Enterprise;
(b) That “Express Debt will get you out of debt in a short period of time” – this was untrue as the only settlement ever completed for Dinah (in the over 1.5 years she was enrolled in the program) was for nearly 20% more than she owed at the time she joined the program and only occurred after she was sued by the creditor;
(c) That “our average client will pay a small fraction, as little as 55% of the total debt” – untrue as the only settlement completed for Dinah was for about 120% of the debt owed;
(d) That “Our non-refundable fee” was $0. In fact, Dinah paid over $17,000 under the EDS Contract and got one $2317.17 debt settlement as a result, for which she paid 20% more than she owed on the debt at the outset of the program. She requested a full refund, which was refused; and
(e) That Dinah’s monthly payment would be $719.98. In fact, Dinah’s first two payments were for $971.60, and the following 19 payments were each for $737.70.
Dinah received an email from Meracord containing login information for her “NoteWorld Reporter” account (now called “MyPromise,” after NoteWorld changed its name to Meracord), where she could manage her Meracord escrow account. Over the course of the following year, Dinah continued to receive emails from Meracord regarding withdrawals that the company made from her bank account. Like the Sign-Up Agreement, the NoteWorld Reporter website and Meracord’s emails falsely claimed that Meracord was an “independent” and “neutral” third party.
Meracord received $971.60 for each of Dinah’s first two payments on April 30, 2009, and June 1, 2009. It then withdrew $737.70 from Dinah’s bank account each month (notwithstanding that the EDS Contract called for payments of $719.98).
Despite having full knowledge of the wholly fraudulent nature of the EDS Contract, Meracord continued to extract Dinah’s monthly payments from her personal bank account and to deduct unearned fees from each payment:
(a) From Dinah’s first and second payments of $971.60, Meracord deducted total fees of $971.60, equaling 100% of the payment;
(b) From Dinah’s third through 16th payments of $737.70, Meracord deducted total fees of $737.70, equaling 100% of the payment.
In April, 2010, Dinah was sued by Chase Bank for about $2,500 on a credit card debt that was listed at $1,919 in the EDS Contract. By that time, Dinah had made two payments of $971.60 to Meracord, and nine payments of $737.70, and should have had approximately $8,582 available to settle debts. Pursuant to the instructions in the EDS Contract, Dinah attempted to contact Express Debt Settlement about the lawsuit but got no response.
On August 19, 2010, Dinah sent an email to Dan Gordon, the salesman who originally sold her the Freedom Debt Relief/Express Debt Settlement program. She wrote:
Hello Mr. Gordon:
I applied for a loan modification last year through your agency. I was sued by one of my credit cards last April. Now I’m receiving notices that the bank is going to garnish my wages. I tried to let Express Debt aware through the email but did not get any response. What is going on?
In response, Gordon simply sent her the phone numbers for Express Debt and the Law Office of Simon & Bocksch. Plaintiff called Simon & Bocksch and – even though by this time Meracord had received nearly $12,000 from Dinah’s account – Simon & Bocksch told her that she did not have enough money in her account to settle the $2,317.77 debt and they would not represent her in court because her agreement with them was not for actual legal representation.
Dinah protested that there had to be money to cover the debt as she had paid about $12,000. This is when Dinah learned that every penny she had paid so far had been taken from her Meracord account to pay fees. Her further pleas for help fell on deaf ears.
Chase Bank received a judgment against Dinah and her wages were garnished.
After receiving no help from Express Debt or from Simon & Bocksch, in September 2010, Dinah managed to make arrangements herself for Chase to be paid from her Meracord debt settlement account, and for Chase to stop garnishing her wages. But by that point, the settlement amount was $2,317.77 – 121% of the amount she owed when she entered the debt relief program.
On October 13, 2010, Dinah sent the following email to Jon Simon and Jim Van Every at Simon & Bocksch and Dan Gordon:
I am really very confused. I know I applied with “Freedom Debt Relief” originally and I don’t know how I got transferred to “Express Debt”. Is it because Freedom Debt Relief got in trouble so the name was changed to Express Debt?
How did a lawyer get into this equation?
I did not mean to cheat the banks by applying for a debt settlement. I thought this is a legal process. Please reassure me that I am not becoming a felon over this.
I was very desperate last year but now I am going towards suicidal. The debt collectors are getting smarter. They know how to avoid talking to Mr. Simon and just torture me.
Is there any “good” end to this?
On October 13, 2010, Jon Simon responded by email:
Dinah. Please try to relax. You did not commit a crime and cannot and will not be put in jail for this. Freedom Debt is a branch of Express Debt. If you look at the contract you signed, you have always been a client of Express Debt’s. Express Debt hires our law firm to negotiate debts for their clients. The program can and will work so again, take a deep breath and try to relax. We are here to help and not hurt you.
On November 9, 2010, Dinah was served in another lawsuit brought by one of her creditors, Capital One, for another debt that was supposed to be resolved through her debt settlement program. She emailed Dan Gordon, Express Debt and Simon & Bocksch as follows:
Here I am again. Today I received the summons for another lawsuit. This time it is from Capital One. Since I do not have a defense, what do you suggest should I do?
Over a year ago I went into a screening process with your company to qualify for a five year debt settlement program. I whole hea[r]tedly believed that was my salvation.
What was the five-year debt settlement program means again?
No logic nor math would tell me that I will come out of this alive. The banks are suing and I have no money to pay them back but thousands of my hard earned money ha[s] been siphoned into somebody else’s accounts. This does not compute!
I faxed the copy of the summons to Mr. Simon and Mr. Van Every. I do not know what good it is going to do but I have nothing else to do.
Good day gentlemen!
Finally, On December 10, 2011, Dinah contacted Meracord in an attempt to get back the thousands of dollars that she had paid into her debt relief program, but to no avail. Though by that time Dinah had paid $18,172.60 to Meracord, of which only $2,317.77 had been used to pay off a debt – leaving $15,854 – Meracord told Dinah it would refund only $1,105.73.
Despite the assurances she received from Freedom Debt Relief’s representative that the company would help her “settle” her debts, and despite the EDS Contract’s claims that “our average client will pay a small fraction, as little as 55% of the total debt,” on information and belief, the company did absolutely nothing to begin negotiating or settling any of Dinah’s debts prior to the institution of lawsuits by her creditors. And in the end, the only settlement of Dinah’s debt required her to pay 20% more than she owed at the time she signed up for the program.
On information and belief, Meracord continued to apply 100% of Dinah’s monthly payments to fees, but then when Dinah was sued by Chase Bank, and Express Debt reluctantly agreed to settle that debt (for 20% more than it was worth at the time Dinah signed up for the settlement service), Meracord retroactively deleted four monthly fee payments from Dinah’s account statement and purported to apply $688.70 per month to “reserves.”
It continued to charge its $49 maintenance fee and also charged a $20 “Trust Management Fee” against Dinah’s seventeenth payment.
Meracord paid the Chase settlement of $2,317.77 on September 15, 2010, then immediately began again withdrawing 100% of Dinah’s monthly $737.70 payments as fees for itself and its Front DSCs.
By the time Dinah cancelled her Meracord account in December 2010, Meracord had withdrawn $15,959.50 from Dinah’s bank account. One settlement of $2,317.77 was paid to Chase Bank and $1,105.73 was ultimately refunded to Dinah. The remaining $12,536, representing an astonishing 79% of Dinah’s deposits, was stripped from Dinah’s account and paid to Meracord and its Front DSCs.
On December 10-11, 2010, Dinah emailed Express Debt, Gordon and Simon & Bocksch, expressing her dismay over the disappearance of her settlement funds.
On December 11, 2010, Ari Dinov of Express Debt responded and claimed that Dinah was “inconsistent” in making her payments on time. Dinov falsely accused Dinah of having missed six of 21 payments. Dinov stated:
If we had all 21 payments like you were supposed to have made we would have an additional $5000 to offer your creditors for settlements, yet you continue to blame Express Debt for your problems that you actually created on your own and rather than accept responsibility you try to make us a scapegoat for them.
Dinah immediately responded to Dinov, correcting his false statement about her payments into the program and detailing the withdrawals from her checking account that automatically were sent to Meracord.
Dinov responded, this time claiming only that Dinah was enrolled in a 60 month program and more time was needed before settlements could be made. He even sought to get Dinah to contribute additional sums to the program while refusing to refund any money to Dinah.
On December 12, 2010, Dinah sent a follow-up email to Dinov, Gordon and Simon & Bocksch in which she set forth each payment that had been made to Meracord and complained that nothing had been done with her money to settle her debts.
Several emails and phone calls followed in which Dinah sought to get back from Meracord and its Front DSC some portion of the $12,536 that had been stripped from Dinah’s account.
On December 15, 2010, Dinov responded by threatening to sue Dinah:
I am glad you have sent a dozen emails in the last 2 weeks because this is all evidence that I have, that you are constantly harassing me and my company. I am advising you to stop immediately or I will have no choice but to file a lawsuit against you for slander, defamation of character and harassment. Like I mentioned to you previously you signed a 5 year contract with my company and you are only 1/3 of the way through, your expectations have been unrealistic especially because you knew that your fees are collected in their entirety upfront as referenced in the customer agreement that you read and signed. I have further advised you that it would be in your best interest to remain in the program because your fees have already been paid and we will be able to settle some of your accounts in the next few months, however you keep harassing me, my company and my employees with “insane” acquisitions [sic] and metaphors. I am giving you final warning to stop or the next time you hear from me will be from my attorney’s filing suit against you.
Dinah effectively paid a $12,536 fee to have Meracord and its Front DSC resolve her $1,919.00 debt to Chase Bank for $2,317.
Throughout this nightmarish process, the only company consistently involved in managing Dinah’s debt settlement account was Meracord, but when Dinah contacted Meracord, expressing her dismay with the process and seeking a refund, Meracord told her it could only refund $1,105.73 of the $15,959.50 she had already paid into the program.
Based on Meracord’s online account statements, it took 22 maintenance fees of $49 each from Dinah’s account for its own benefit as well as a $20 “trust management fee.” In total, Meracord withdrew from Dinah’s account and kept for itself at least $1,098.
Meracord withdrew from Dinah’s account and provided to its Front DSC approximately $11,375 of Dinah’s debt settlement funds.
Emails from Meracord continued to claim, falsely, that Meracord was completely separate and independent from any of the other companies involved in the scheme; and that Meracord was not a debt settlement company or debt adjuster, despite the fact that Meracord’s actions clearly fell within the meaning of “debt adjuster” under the Washington Debt Adjusting Act during the relevant time period of this complaint.
Dinah’s experience is typical of thousands of individuals who have utilized Meracord’s debt settlement services and have collectively been charged millions in illegal fees.
In August 2009, Robert owed approximately $23,000 on two credit card accounts – one with Bank of America and the other with Chase. Both accounts were subject to high interest rates. At age sixty-three, Robert believed that he could not pay off the debt before retirement and worried about having debt after retirement.
In August 2009, feeling overwhelmed by his debts, Robert responded to a flyer posted at his workplace for a company called the Debt Relief Center, Inc. Because Robert is employed at a Merck Pharmaceutical site, where entry in and out of the facility requires a badge, he believed that businesses posting flyers at the facility – including the Debt Relief Center – would have to be legitimate businesses.
The Debt Relief Center’s flyer encouraged Robert to “[t]ake advantage of this program and get yourself out of debt between 1 and 3 years starting today. We work with your creditors based off of your hardship and financial analysis and get them to settle under 60% of what you owe them.”
The flyer claimed that the Debt Relief Center was a member of the International Association of Professional Debt Arbitrators and was accredited by the The Association of Settlement Companies, the United States Organizations for Bankruptcy Alternatives, and the BSI Group.
When Robert called the number on the flyer for the Debt Relief Center, he reached a company called SBL/Safeguard. He was told that Safeguard was previously known as Lifeguard. The representative, Carl, was a smooth talker who assured Robert that Safeguard could negotiate a good settlement for both of his debts.
Robert only spoke to Carl during this initial phone call, in which Carl told Robert that he would be required to make eighteen monthly payments of $599.00, and that Safeguard would use that money to settle and pay his debts. Eighteen payments of $599.00 totaled $10,782.00 (approximately 46% of the debts to be settled). Based on Carl’s representations, Robert agreed to sign up with Safeguard.
Before sending Robert any contract, Carl asked Robert to provide his checking account number and routing number for his monthly payments.
Carl never explained the fees that would be deducted from Robert’s payments. Carl never mentioned Meracord. Carl and Robert only discussed Robert’s specific financial situation and the general downturn in the economy.
During this initial phone call, Carl instructed Robert to stop making any payments to his creditors and to send Safeguard any letters or notices that he received from his creditors or collection agencies. He asked Robert to send these notices to a woman named Rachel, who Robert thought was Carl’s assistant. Robert sent the notices to Rachel, but after signing up with Safeguard, Robert never spoke to Carl again.
Later, Robert received the contract attached to an email, but doesn’t remember if he signed it online or mailed it back to Safeguard. Robert’s initial sign-up paperwork and contract with Safeguard (including any electronic or paper versions) have since been lost.
Between September 23, 2009, and February 17, 2011, Meracord withdrew monthly payments of $599.00 from Robert’s bank account. In total, Meracord withdrew $10,782.00 from Robert’s account, deducting the following unearned fees:
(a) From payments one through three, Meracord deducted total fees of $601.50 equaling over 100% of each payment.
(b) From payments four through seven, Meracord deducted total fees of $331.50 equaling 55.34% of each payment. In March 2010, Meracord also deducted an additional $20.00 trust management fee.
(c) From payments eight through fourteen, Meracord deducted total fees of $61.50 equaling 10% of each payment.
(d) From payments fifteen through eighteen, Meracord deducted total fees of $49.00 equaling 8% of each payment. In March 2011, Meracord deducted an additional $23.00 trust management fee.
In total, Meracord withdrew $3,800.00 in unearned fees from Robert’s bank account, totaling 35.2% of the payments he had made.
In December 2009, Robert received an email from Meracord. Robert did not remember Carl mentioning Meracord, nor did he remember signing up for Meracord’s services. Robert contacted Meracord by email to find out if it was connected to Safeguard and if so, how. Meracord responded by email stating that it was “a third party payment processing agency in charge of creating an escrow account and processing the scheduled drafts for the purpose of the program with . . . Life Guard Financial . . . .”
In July 2010, Robert contacted Meracord to retrieve the personal identification number (PIN) for his account and to ask if any funds had been deducted to pay settlements to Bank of America or Chase. According to Meracord, no money had been deducted for settlements.
In early December 2010, approximately two months before the end of his scheduled eighteen-month “plan,” Robert contacted Safeguard again. This time, he spoke to a different male Safeguard representative who said that Carl no longer worked there. The representative said that there had been some kind of trouble and almost a complete turnover in staff, but did not elaborate on the kind of trouble. The representative also said he did not have the letters and notices that Robert had earlier sent to Rachel, and in fact said he had never heard of any Rachel who worked at Safeguard.
The representative assured Robert that everything at Safeguard was fine now and told him not to worry and that Safeguard would wait to contact his creditors until he had made all eighteen scheduled payments.
In February 2011, just before Robert completed his eighteen monthly payments, he received a letter from Midland Credit Management (“MCM”), a collection agency for Chase, asking him to call them. Before calling MCM, he called the Safeguard representative to make sure it was ok, and the representative told Robert to go ahead and call MCM. When Robert called MCM, MCM asked if Robert was a Safeguard client and asked for permission to talk to Safeguard. Robert gave MCM that permission.
Robert then called the Safeguard representative to let him know that he had given MCM permission to speak with Safeguard. The representative told Robert that Safeguard would call Chase within a couple of days. That was the last time that Robert talked to that representative. Robert attempted to call him the next day, and on numerous other occasions, leaving multiple voicemails, but the calls were never returned. Robert also attempted to send him a fax, but it did not go through.
On February 15, 2011, Robert had made eighteen payments. He was concerned about the lack of communication from Safeguard but did not panic because he thought that the company was working on at least one settlement with MCM/Chase, so he waited until April 2011 to contact Safeguard again.
When Robert attempted to contact Safeguard at the company’s regular phone number in April 2011, no one returned his repeated calls and voicemails. He also attempted to call the Safeguard representative on the cell phone number he had provided to Robert, leaving three voicemails asking for a call back. The representative never responded.
Robert never received any notice that either of his debts had been settled; nor did he receive any notice or indication that Safeguard had even made any attempts to settle his debts.
In May 2011, Robert called Meracord, either to confirm that there were settlements pending, or to close his account. The Meracord representative told Robert that the Debt Relief Center/Safeguard had been reorganized and that she would contact Safeguard and pass on his message.
Robert never heard from Safeguard again.
On or about May 14, 2011, Robert sent an email to Meracord, after which he received a call from someone named Randy Lewis, who said he was calling Robert regarding his account. Robert believed that Mr. Lewis worked for Meracord, but Mr. Lewis did not identify himself. Mr. Lewis told Robert that because he had made eighteen payments, he should take the best settlement he could, but did not offer any further help. Mr. Lewis told Robert that if he needed to talk further he could call and leave a message, but when Robert called and left a message, he received no response.
Robert continued to email Meracord, explaining that he could not get in touch with anyone at the Debt Relief Center/Safeguard. In response, Robert simply received emails saying that that Meracord could not refund his money until he notified Safeguard. Meracord never provided Robert with a working number for Safeguard.
On June 6, 2011, Robert attempted to fax a letter to Safeguard, requesting that Safeguard authorize Meracord to release the funds in his account. The fax number was disconnected.
It was not until after Robert retained an attorney (discussed in more detail below) that he was able to recover some of his money from Meracord, but he has still been unable to recover the full amount that Meracord withdrew from his bank account.
When Robert was unable to reach anyone at Safeguard, and Meracord refused to release any of his money without contact with Safeguard, Robert was forced to hire an attorney.
In July 2011, Robert’s attorney researched his claims and called Meracord. In response to the attorney’s phone call, Meracord refunded $7,157.00 of the $10,782.00 it had withdrawn from Robert’s account. Meracord refused to refund the remaining $3,625.00, however, despite the fact that nothing had been done to settle Robert’s debts.
Robert’s legal expenses totaled $1,733.50.
After closing his Meracord account, Robert resolved his debts directly with his creditors. After receiving a partial refund from Meracord, Robert received a letter from an attorney for Chase about a potential lawsuit to collect his debt. Robert called the attorney and accepted the attorney’s offer to settle the debt for $4,405.00. Robert then contacted his only other creditor, Bank of America, which told Robert that it had already written off his debt and was no longer attempting to collect it.
In August 2010, Marie owed money on two credit cards – both with Discover Bank. Marie owed approximately $35,000, which she had accumulated over approximately five years of helping to support her family, including providing a substantial amount for her daughter’s college tuition, room, and board. Marie, who works for the University of Pennsylvania Health Systems and makes less than $40,000 per year, knew it would take her many years to pay off the debt, and was desperate to find a way to relieve the emotional stress of her high debt burden.
In August 2010, Marie saw a television advertisement for debt consolidation services and began searching online for companies that might be able to help her pay off the overwhelming credit card debt she owed to Discover. During that search, she provided her name and contact information to a website, and as a result she was contacted by several individuals representing different companies wanting to sell her their debt relief services.
Some of the individuals she spoke with would not sign Marie up for their programs because her debt was with Discover. They said that their companies did not deal with Discover because Discover was known for being extremely difficult to deal with and not very open to settlement.
Marie was thus relieved when a woman named Rona Favreau contacted her and told her she could settle Marie’s debts with Discover. Ms. Favreau called Marie on or about August 17, 2010, and identified herself as a representative of Lloyd Ward and Associates (“LWA”), a law firm specializing in debt settlement. Marie thought that perhaps LWA’s status as a law firm set them apart from the other debt settlement companies and gave them a special ability to deal with Discover despite the fact that others were unwilling to do so.
Ms. Favreau also caught Marie’s attention in part because Ms. Favreau told Marie that she was a member of the International Association of Professional Debt Arbitrators (“IAPDA”), emphasizing she was thus a “certified” debt arbitrator who was a “professional” and “did this for a living.” Indeed, Ms. Favreau assured Marie several times that she was “legitimate,” and encouraged Marie to look up her name on the IAPDA website to verify her credentials. She also encouraged Marie to look up LWA’s website and verify their legitimacy.
After confirming that Ms. Favreau was indeed listed as an active member on the IAPDA website, and finding LWA’s website – which appeared to be for a law firm purporting to specialize in “debt negotiation” – Marie again spoke with Ms. Favreau by phone on or about August 19, 2010.
During this next phone call, Ms. Favreau told Marie that LWA could settle Marie’s entire debt for $14,120 (approximately 40% of the total amount of the debt). Marie asked how that was possible, and Ms. Favreau represented to her that because LWA had “thousands and thousands” of clients “just like” Marie, the firm was able to aggregate the debts of those clients with particular creditors and use that aggregated debt as leverage to settle their clients’ debts for “pennies on the dollar.” She then asked Marie, “How does $433.34 per month sound for a payment?”
Until this point, Marie had never missed a payment on her Discover accounts and had been faithfully paying approximately $600 per month towards her debt. Ms. Favreau told Marie that when she entered the program she would stop paying that $600 to Discover and would instead pay $433.34 to Meracord/LWA. Since this was a significant improvement on her monthly payment burden, Marie told Ms. Favreau that $433.34 sounded pretty good.
At no point during the conversation did Ms. Favreau explain to Marie either the amount of the fees that would be deducted from her payments, or the structure of those fees. Indeed, she explained to Marie that her money would go into a Meracord “escrow” account, and would build up until LWA could negotiate a settlement with Discover. Ms. Favreau emphasized that it would not be LWA deducting money out of her account, but Meracord, and that the money Meracord deducted would be “[Marie’s] money,” over which she would have complete control.
Because Ms. Favreau had gone to such lengths to assure Marie about the legitimacy of all the parties involved (LWA, Meracord, and Ms. Favreau herself), Marie trusted her. Marie assumed that there would be some fee to LWA coming out of her $433 payment, but she assumed it would be a reasonable fee, and that it would be worth it in exchange for the promise of having her debt settled at a 60% discount (which would have saved her over $20,000).
Based on Ms. Favreau’s representations – about the process by which LWA would be able to lower Marie’s debt, the amount that Marie would have to pay, the legitimacy of the companies involved, and Ms. Favreau’s credentials and her assurances that she would personally negotiate with Discover Card – Marie agreed to sign up with LWA to settle her debts with Discover.
After Marie agreed to sign up, Ms. Favreau told Marie that she would email “the contract.” When Marie asked whether she would have to sign it and send it back by mail, Ms. Favreau told her she would not have to send it back at all, because her “electronic signature” would already be on the document. Ms. Favreau told Marie that the only thing she needed to sign was the limited power of attorney that LWA would send to her in the mail and that she would have to return that document by mail as well.
Marie understood this to mean that the contract was a “done deal” before it even got to her, since she didn’t have to sign anything except the power of attorney.
At no point did Ms. Favreau offer to let Marie view the contract before Ms. Favreau electronically “signed” the document on Marie’s behalf. Nor did Ms. Favreau explain the fees that would be charged under the contract – much less any other details about the contract that Marie was “signing.”
Ms. Favreau also told Marie that the “first thing” she had to do –”immediately,” before she even received any paperwork – was to call Discover and change the address and phone number that Discover had on file for her to LWA’s address and phone number. Marie did as she was told, believing that by having her change her contact information with Discover, LWA was essentially “stepping into her shoes” in relation to her Discover accounts.
After the conversation with Ms. Favreau, Marie received LWA’s “Debt Relief Package” by mail. The materials contained in the package referred to LWA and Meracord, as well as a company called Silver Leaf Debt Solutions, although Ms. Favreau had never mentioned any such company.
The package contained a number of pages of materials, including the following: (1) a letter congratulating Marie on her decision to let LWA “do the talking for her” and advising her to ignore all contact with her creditor; (2) a limited power of attorney, which Marie executed and returned to LWA; (3) LWA’s Client Services Agreement already containing Marie’s “signature”; and (4) a Meracord Sign-Up Agreement, on which her initials and “signature” had already been filled in.
The package referred specifically to the following entities:
(a) At the top of the first page of the Client Services Agreement, an address is given for Defendant Ward personally (“Lloyd Ward, Attorney at Law”);
(b) The first paragraph recites that the agreement is made between Marie and “The Lloyd Ward Group, PC (‘Attorney’);”
(c) The Limited Power of Attorney appoints “Lloyd Ward and Associates,” which is also the name on the front of the package and in the introductory letter;
(d) A letter purporting to be from SilverLeaf uses the same address for that company that is used for Defendant Ward and Lloyd Ward and Associates.
Despite the fact that the Client Services Agreement expressly anticipated the debt settlement services of Meracord, a Washington State corporation, the agreement did not include the “Notice to Debtor” required by Wash. Rev. Code § 18.28.100(7).
Between September 2010 and October 2011, Meracord deducted $5,633.42 from Marie’s bank account. Starting in September 2010, Meracord withdrew Marie’s monthly payments of $433.34 and deducted the following unearned fees from each payment:
(a) From her first three payments for the payment of fees, Meracord deducted fees of $433.34 each month, totaling 100% of each payment;
(b) From her fourth payment, Meracord deducted fees of $225.98, totaling 52.2% of that payment;
(c) From her next nine payments – between January 20, 2011 and September 19, 2011 – Meracord deducted a total fee of $202.98 each month, totaling 46.8% of each payment.
In June 2011, Marie received two letters containing “notices of debt” from a debt collection law firm informing her that it had been retained to obtain payment on Marie’s Discover accounts. Marie faxed the letters to LWA and was contacted by a LWA representative who told her not to worry about the notice from the law firm and that she should continue to make her payments to Meracord and “just keep saving [her] money” so that it could be used to settle her debts.
Marie’s debts with Discover were not settled, nor did she receive any indication from LWA that the firm was attempting to settle her debts. On October 2, 2011, she was served with two lawsuits filed against her by Discover. Marie was extremely upset emotionally by being served with a lawsuit on a Sunday while she was sitting at home, and she even worried whether she would be going to jail.
The following day, Marie called LWA, the firm she believed she had hired to be her attorney with respect to her Discover accounts. She thought LWA would tell her what to do about the lawsuit. She asked to speak to her account manager (who she believes was named Sylvia), but was told that Sylvia was unavailable. Marie called the next day, and the day after, and continued to be told that her account manager was unavailable.
Finally, on October 6, 2011, she confronted the LWA representative she happened to get on the phone, a man named Justin Andrews who identified himself as a Senior Legal Assistant. Mr. Andrews told Marie that to his knowledge, Discover Bank – the only creditor for which Marie had signed up for LWA’s settlement services – “doesn’t settle” and would not participate in debt settlement programs.
At that point, Marie demanded that LWA stop taking money out of her bank account and refund the money it had already taken. Of the $5,633.42 that had been deducted from her account, Mr. Andrews told her she was “only entitled” to a refund of $2,280.60. He said that LWA and Meracord had “earned” the other $3,352.82, despite the fact that at that point absolutely nothing had apparently been done to settle Marie’s debts. Indeed, Mr. Andrews had just admitted that LWA had signed Marie up with her Discover accounts knowing that Discover “doesn’t settle.”
Mr. Andrews also informed Marie that despite being a law firm and having told her that it was “representing” her with respect to her Discover accounts, LWA would not assist her in the lawsuits Discover had recently filed against her and that she would have to go to the hearings in those suits on her own.
That same day, Mr. Andrews sent Marie an email confirming “that your account has been closed in [Meracord],” and that she would receive a refund in the amount of $2,280.60. Again, this was $3,352.82 less than the total amount Meracord had deducted from her bank account.
After talking with LWA, Marie also contacted Meracord and requested that the company provide her with a copy of her transaction history. In response, Meracord mailed her an empty envelope.
In addition to the $3,352.82 Meracord refused to return to Marie – in exchange for which she received no services – Marie was forced to pay approximately $1,000 to an attorney to handle the lawsuits filed against her by Discover. Although the attorney was able to get the lawsuits dismissed without prejudice because of technical defects in the complaints, he told Marie that it was very likely that Discover would renew the lawsuit at some point.
In addition, because LWA had told Marie to stop paying Discover once she began LWA’s “debt settlement” program, interest had been accruing on her accounts the entire time that her debts were purportedly being “settled.” Thus, the total demand in Discover’s lawsuits (as of their filing in September 2011) was $35,540.49 – approximately $1,000 more than the original amount of her debt.
The attorney Marie hired also helped her draft a letter to LWA seeking the return of all the money that Meracord had withdrawn from her bank account. Approximately two weeks after she sent the letter, Marie received a call from a “manager” at LWA. He continued to insist that LWA had “earned” its fees, that Marie was mistaken, and that LWA had actually negotiated settlements for her with Discover. When Marie asked for evidence to support his statements, however, he told her that he did not have any actual supporting paperwork and that he could only assure her “verbally” that LWA had earned the money that had not been refunded to her. He refused to refund the remaining $3,352.82 that Marie had paid, and this was the last interaction that Marie had with LWA.
Throughout the sign-up process, LWA and Meracord made a number of false promises and claims:
(a) Ms. Favreau promised Marie that LWA could settle Marie’s entire debt for $14,120 (approximately 40% of the total amount of the debt) because LWA had “thousands and thousands” of clients “just like” Marie, the firm was able to aggregate the debts of those clients with particular creditors and use that aggregated debt as leverage to settle their clients’ debts for “pennies on the dollar.” This promise was false when it was made, since, as they later admitted, LWA knew (or believed) that Discover “doesn’t settle.”
(b) The introductory letter that came with the Debt Relief Package claimed that “[o]ver the next several months, you will be working with a dedicated team of professionals whose main objective is assisting you on your journey [back towards debt-free living],” and that “your personal advisor from our Settlement Team will be in contact with you regularly to discuss any possible settlement offers you or [LWA] may receive.” In reality, Marie only ever received one phone call from anyone claiming to be her “advisor,” much less was she “working with” a “team of professionals.”
(c) The Client Services Agreement claimed that “[LWA] will act as Client’s attorney to negotiate with Client’s creditors . . . for the express purpose of reducing Debts . . . .” In fact, LWA had no intention of negotiating with Discover; as they later admitted, LWA knew (or believed) that Discover “doesn’t settle.”
(d) Meracord’s Sign-Up Agreement claimed that Meracord was an “independent third party.” In fact, Meracord is deeply intertwined and actively conspires with LWA and other Front DSCs.
The experiences of Marie are illustrative of the Lloyd Ward Defendants’ – and Meracord’s facilitation of the Lloyd Ward Defendants’ – unscrupulous, fraudulent, and deceptive recruitment of customers for its fraudulent and unlawful debt settlement services and its failure to fulfill its promises to those customers.
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